Various Civil Servants of the Government of India, including the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS) among others are recruited through the Civil Services Examination (CSE), which is a nationwide competitive examination in India conducted by the Union Public Service Commission. Civil Services constitute all non-military departments of the government machinery, which run Government Administration. The Central and the State Civil Servants ensure that the constitutional guarantees and entitlements are brought within the reach of every citizen. The creation of such services provides safeguards for national unity and ensures uniformity of the administrative system throughout the country to maintain common administrative standards. Candidates selected for these services are appointed to different state cadres and as and when required they also move to Central Government jobs on deputation.
Civil Services in India rank very high as a career option among young students. The power and social status along with job security that a civil servant enjoys is unimaginable in any other profession. The Civil Services also provide great scope for a person with zeal and desire to bring qualitative changes in the functioning of the Government and even opportunities which could improve the lives of millions of Indians.
The services encompass all one can aspire for: prestige, job security, salary package, opportunity of foreign tour, job satisfaction, etc. There is diversity of work too – a wide variety of work is associated with civil services, like maintenance of law and order, developmental work, disaster management, representing India on international forum, administration, upliftment and empowerment of marginalised sections of society etc.
Civil servants in one way decide the fate of the nation as the implementation of all developmental and other government policy rest with them. If we talk of prestige and respect this is the most prestigious and respectful job of India as it is a job which provides an opportunity to satisfy personal ambition as well as contribute in social welfare. The selection as civil servant is, however, rigorous and only about one thousand candidates are selected out of 9 -10 lakh aspirants every year
The Civil Services Examination is based on the British Raj – era Imperial Civil Service tests. The Civil Services Examination is considered to be one of the most difficult and competitive examinations in India. On average, 900,000 to 1,000,000 candidates apply every year and the number of candidates appearing to sit the preliminary examination is approximately 450,000. The Civil Services examination consists of the following three stages:
Stage I: Preliminary examination – A qualifying test advertised in Feb-March and held in June-July each year. Results are published in mid-August.
Stage II: Main examination – Held in October every year. Results are usually published in the second week of March.
Stage III: Personality Test (interview) – held in March to May each year. Final results are usually announced in May. (The training program for the selected candidates usually commences the following September.)
The pattern of the Preliminary examination up to 2010 was based on the recommendations of the Kothari Commission (1979). It included two examinations, one on general studies worth 150 marks, and the second on one of 23 optional subjects worth 300 marks. Until 2011, when it was revamped, the preliminary pattern was sustained with only minor changes once every ten to fifteen years.
From 2011 onwards, the preliminary examination, now popularly known as the Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT)(officially it is still called General Studies Paper-1 and Paper-2), intends to focus on analytical abilities and understanding rather than the ability to memorize. The new pattern includes two papers of two hours duration and 200 marks each. Both papers have multiple choice objective type questions only.They are as under:
Paper I tests the candidate’s knowledge on current events, history of India and Indian national movement, Indian and world geography, Indian polity Panchayti Raj system and governance, economic and social development, environmental ecology, biodiversity, climate change and general science ,Art and culture.
Paper II tests the candidates’ skills in comprehension, interpersonal skills, communication, logical reasoning, analytical ability, decision making, problem solving, basic numeracy, data interpretation, English language comprehension skills and mental ability.
In May 2015, the Government of India announced that Paper II of the preliminary examination will be qualifying in nature i.e. it wouldn’t be graded for eligibility in Mains Examination & a candidate needs to secure at least 33% marks in order to be eligible for graded on basis of Marks of Paper I of Preliminary Examination.
The Civil Services Mains Examination consists of a written examination and an interview.
The written examination consists of nine papers, two qualifying and seven ranking in nature. The range of questions may vary. Candidates who pass qualifying papers are ranked according to marks and a selected number of candidates are called for interview or a personality test at the Commission’s discretion
According to the new marks allocations in Civil Service Examination 2013 there are some changes made in the examination according to the suggestion of the Prof. S. Nigavekar Committee. However, after some controversy, the qualifying papers for Indian languages and English were restored to the examination.
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I would like to Thank Vikash Ranjan Sir, for his personal guidance that I received from him in preparation of SOCIOLOGY. In changed pattern of Civil Services Exam, Application Focused Approach of Vikash Ranjan Sir has no match in Coaching Field in Delhi. He has taken a brilliant step of shifting from regular coaching to Personal guidance mode. His Notes and methods suggested are the most relevant. I RECOMMEND EXAM FOCUSED-APPLICATION FOCUSED APPROACH OF VIKASH SIR to future aspirant of Civil Services.
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I Thank Vikash Sir for his Guidance in "SOCIOLOGY", "Essay" & "Interview". When I met Vikash Sir, I was confused regarding my Preparation, particularly writing Skill. His "Exam Focus Approach" & "Facilitative Style of Teaching" helped me gain confidence. I focused heavily on "Writing Practice" and finally got a Rank in CSE 13 to Join IAS.
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